Dermal fillers have become increasingly popular over the years as a fast and effective solution for a variety of cosmetic concerns. From fine lines and wrinkles, to loss of volume and contouring. However, as with any beauty treatment, there are many myths and misconceptions surrounding fillers that can lead to confusion and misinformation. In this article, we will explore the top 6 common myths about fillers and provide you with accurate information to help you make an informed decision about whether fillers are right for you!

1. Getting fillers is a very painful process 

Myth! The experience of getting fillers can vary from person to person, but in general, getting fillers is not typically described as being very painful. The area where filler is going to be injected is usually numbed with a topical anaesthetic or injected with a local anaesthetic to minimise discomfort during the procedure. Most people will feel some pressure or a slight pinch as the needle is being inserted. But this discomfort is usually minimal, brief, and mild.

2. Fillers are addictive 

This is a….myth! There are no evidence suggesting that fillers are addictive, though it it possible for someone to develop a desire for repeated treatments to maintain their desired appearance. It is important to know that fillers are a temporary fix and will eventually be broken down and absorbed by the body. This is also why people tend to go back into the doctor’s office to get a refill.

3. Fillers make the face look bloated like a balloon

Myth! Although filers are designed to add volume and plumpness to the injected site, when administrated correctly, it should not result in a ballooning. Ballooning only happens when there is overfilling or malpositioning of the filler material. Accurate placement of the right filler material is essential in achieving natural results. This is why getting an experienced professional is so important!

4. Fillers will make me look weird and unnatural

Again, another common myth perpetuated by badly done fillers or surgical implants. It is only when filler injections are being placed in the wrong site, or when fillers are being over-injected, will it start to result in an unnatural look. It is crucial to consult with a qualified and experienced provider. They will be able to properly evaluate your facial anatomy, use the right amount of filler, and place the filler accurately to achieve a natural-looking result that complements your unique features.

5. Fillers are purposely made to be non-permanent so people will have to keep spending money on it

Myth. Hyaluronic acid fillers are indeed intentionally made to be non-permanent. However, this is not necessarily because manufacturers want people to keep spending money on them. The non-permanent nature of fillers is very beneficial for many people. Being made of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring molecule in our bodies, it is bio-compatible and has a low risk of rejection. Being non-permanent, also allows for treatments to be adjustable without any long-term consequences. Fillers can be easily dissolved using an enzyme (hyaluronidase) if the results achieved are not desirable, or if the materials gets infected. Why is this so important? Our faces will change drastically when we are in our 30s as compared to when we are in our 50s or 60s. This means that different placement of fillers are required! Being non-permanent, filler injections can be customised to fit our ever-changing facial structure.

6. Always go for the cheapest offer, the injector doesn’t make a difference  

Myth. This is one of the biggest mistake that many consumers make. Filler injection is a highly customisable treatment. Hunting out for the cheapest offer and hopping from clinic to clinic is actually counter-intuitive. It is crucial to find an injector that you are comfortable with, and would like to stick to long-term. This allows the injector to become aquatinted with your face and ideals. Each filler injection is also being built onto the previous one. Switching injectors could cause confusion for the new injector as to what the previous injector’s intentions were.

Each syringe of filler come at a cost. If something is being priced below market rate, you might want to question yourself it the product is an approved legitimate product. We have only one face, why risk it?

Dermal fillers are a safe and effective cosmetic treatment when administered by a trained and experienced professional. We hope that by debunking common myths and misconceptions about fillers, you have more clarity as to whether fillers are right for you. Remember, there is no harm in doing your research and seeking advice from a qualified professional before undergoing any cosmetic procedure. If anything, doing your research and consulting a qualified doctor will offer you clearer insights and provide you with a more comprehensive understanding. With the right information and guidance, dermal fillers can help you achieve the youthful, radiant look you desire!

Want to Learn More About Fillers?

If you are new to fillers or want to learn more about fillers, you can refer to the face chart below to know where fillers are commonly injected. You can also visit our Fillers page at Cheongdam Aesthetics to find out more about the treatment options that we have to offer!

Understanding what hydroquinone is, how it works, and why it is so sort after is will help us in our venture of recognising which top 10 alternative ingredients for hydroquinone will be the most suitable.

What is Hydroquinone?

Hydroquinone is most studied to date, and is also considered to be the “gold standard” when it comes to lightening agents. Hydroquinone typically a topical treatment that comes in concentrations ranging from 2% to 4%, although higher concentrations are only made available by prescription. While hydroquinone is generally considered safe for use in skin care products, there is some controversy and concern surrounding its safety. As a result, hydroquinone is banned in some countries and is available only by prescription in others. It is important to use hydroquinone-containing products only as directed and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

To know which ingredients can be used an alternative to hydroquinone, let’s first understand how skin-lightening agents work.

How Do Skin-Lightening Agents Work?


Different lightening agents in the market work in a their different ways. Skin-lightening agents commonly work by reducing the production of melanin, the pigment that gives colour to our skin, hair, and eyes. Melanin is produced by specialised skin cells called melanocytes, and its production is influenced by factors such as genetics, sun exposure, and hormonal changes.

Skin-lightening agents work in a few different ways to reduce melanin production. Some agents, such as hydroquinone, mequinol, azelaic acid, arbutin, and licorice extract work by inhibiting the activity of an enzyme called tyrosinase, which is involved in the production of melanin. By blocking tyrosinase, these agents can help reduce the amount of melanin produced by melanocytes.

There are skin-lightening agents that also work by interfering with the transfer of melanin from melanocytes to skin cells. For example, kojic acid inhibits the activity of an enzyme called glycosyltransferase, which is involved in the transfer of melanin from melanocytes to keratinocytes (skin cells). By blocking this transfer, kojic acid can help reduce the amount of melanin that ends up in the skin.

Some lightening agents such ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and niacinamide, work by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation in the skin which can help to improve the overall health of the skin and reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.

Lightening agents can also work by:

1. Slowing down production of tyrosinase enzyme (N-Acetylglucosamine)

2. Preventing melanin from travelling from melanocytes to skin cells (Soy, Niacinamide, Retinoids)

3. Dispersing pigments (Licorice Extract)

4. Increasing skin turnover, meaning less pigments to go around (Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids [AHA, BHA], Retinoids)

Here’s the exciting bit, the top 10 alternative ingredients for hydroquinone!

The 10 Alternative Ingredients for Hydroquinone

1. Mequinol

Mequinol is the main alternative prescription to hydroquinone. It is not entirely clear how mequinol works, but it appears to work similarly to hydroquinone. It mimics tyrosine and decreases tyrosinase’s ability to produce melanin. Mequinol commonly comes in concentrations of 2% and sometimes in combination with 0.01% tretinoin and ascorbic acid to enhance penetration. It is supposed to be less irritating than hydroquinone but can sometimes cause temporary postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Rarely, it can lead to reversible depigmentation.

2. Retinoids

Retinoids are Vitamin A analogues used for treating many conditions such as acne, sun damage, as well as acting as a penetration enhancer for other treatments. Examples of retinoids are: tretinoin, adapalene, tazarotene, isotretinoin (prescription) and retinol (non-prescription). Retinoids are thought to work in multiple pathways to reduce pigmentation, increase skin turnover, interrupt melanin transfer to skin cells, reduce tyrosinase production in skin, and dispersal of melanin. Retinoids are commonly used in combination with other treatments to treat hyperpigmentation. It is expected that this treatment process will take several months to achieve ideal results. In general, the more effective a retinoid is, or rather the higher the concentration, the more irritating its side effects. Common side effects include redness, dryness, and peeling. PIH is also a risk, especially in darker skin.

3. Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid is another common alternative to hydroquinone. Azelaic acid is actually produced by a fungus which sometimes infects humans and causes light patches of skin. It is slightly milder than hydroquinone but can come close to the effects of hydroquinone when it is used in conjunction with retinoids. Azelaic acid works by interfering with the tyrosinase activity. Tyrosine mimic, suppresses, and kills abnormal melanocytes. Azelaic acid is known for its little side effects, which commonly involves mild stinging and redness.

4. Arbutin

Arbutin is sometimes also referred to as the “natural hydroquinone”. Its chemical structure is very similar to that of hydroquinone’s. It is found in extracts of bearberry leaves, and to a lesser extent in cranberry and blueberry leaves. It works in our bodies by slowly turning into hydroquinone and acting as a tyrosine mimic to slow down production of melanin. It also interferes with maturation of melanosomes. There are mixed conclusion in studies regarding the efficacy of Arbutin. The most common formulation is 5% although higher formulations are also available. Risks of higher concentrations of arbutin includes the risk of PIH.

5. Kojic Acid

Kojic acid is produced by a bacteria found in the fermentation of rice while manufacturing Sake. A derivative of kojic acid, kojyl-APPA, has also been investigated for its whitening effect and its ability to improve skin penetration. It works by binding itself to copper in tyrosinase, which results in preventing the enzyme from producing melanin normally. Kojic acid is often combined with hydroquinone, retinoids, glycolic acid, emblica extract or corticosteroid. Kojic acid can be very irritating and is also a potential allergen. Preparations prior to the use of Kojic acid typically includes the use of steroids to reduce the chances of a reaction.

6. Licorice Extract

Licorice extract is extracted from the root of the licorice plant (Glycyrrhiza glabra), and is widely used as a whitening ingredient in cosmetics. Its main effects are through two whitening components, glabridin and liquirtin. Glabridin protects skin from UV-B induced pigmentation whilst also acting on tyrosinase to slow down melanin production. Liquirtin on the other hand, disperses melanin. Licorice extract contains a number of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory chemicals which are very beneficial for the skin, and is also likely the reason why licorice extracts are mild and have few side effects.

7. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)

Ascorbic acid is an ingredient in many skincare products and is widely popularised in the skincare industry. It is a potent antioxidant, but is very unstable and is usually combined with other ingredients to treat hyperpigmentation. Ascorbic acid works by turning dopaquinone back into L-DOPA, undoing the reaction that tyrosinase does. It is less irritating than hydroquinone and has an excellent safety profile. Interested in Vitamin C treatment options? Try out Ionto Vita C facial for yourself!

8. N-Acetylglucosamine

N-acetylglucosamine is a sugar found abundantly in nature and is a precursor of hyaluronic acid. It works by slowing down the production of tyrosinase, and has been found to improve pigmentation at 2% in clinical studies. N-acetylglucosamine is often used in conjunction with niacinamide. Occasionally, N-acetylglucosamine can cause mild to moderate skin irritation.

9. Niacinamide

Niacinamide is also known as nicotinamide or Vitamin B3. It is an antioxidant, but unlike vitamin C, niacinamide is very stable. It works by inhibiting the transfer of pigments to skin cells. Several studies have shown that niacinamide is the most effective at 2-5% concentration for reducing hyperpigmentations. Although niacinamide is a stable ingredient, some skin irritation can still occur.

10. Cysteamine

Cysteamine is the new kid on the block when it comes to treating pigmentation. It is a chemical compound that can be biosynthesized in mammals (this includes humans!) by degradation the enzyme, co-enzyme A. Cysteamine was conventionally used as a treatment for cystinosis. Recently, ScientisPharma had compounded it into a 5% cream for the treatment of hyperpigmentation for overall skin lightening. Cysteamine is a metabolite of L-cysteine which inhibits melanin synthesis. The way it is thought to work includes inhibition of tyrosinase and peroxidase, scavenging of dopaquinone, chelation of iron and copper ions, and increasing intracellular glutathione. Randomised controlled trials have confirmed the efficacy of cysteamine cream in the treatment of epidermal melasma. Side effects are generally mild, with temporary heating up or burning sensation and redness that is typically short-lived.


Those were the top 10 alternative ingredients for hydroquinone. When choosing an alternative to hydroquinone, it is important to consider the concentration of the ingredient, the formulation of the product, and any potential side effects. Some ingredients, like vitamin C, can be unstable and may require special formulations to be effective. It is also important to use these ingredients only as directed and under the guidance of a doctor to minimise the risk of side effects. Good luck in your journey to clearer skin!

Before we get into the top 6 anti-ageing procedures, let’s take the time to understand what the ageing process does to our skin. Understanding what ageing does to our skin will help us to determine which treatment options and procedures will be helpful, and which will not.


Understanding What Age Does to Your Skin

As the skin ages, collagen (type 1, 3) decreases because the fibroblast is not as active as it used to be. Matrixins (MMPs) also increases, which causes collagen fragmentation. Collagen is the most important factor when it comes to skin ageing because it plays a vital role in maintaining skin elasticity and skin structure. Loss of collagen causes a decrease in skin elasticity, loss of mechanical tension, decrease of ski thickness, wrinkles, and sagging.

In South Korea, the beauty ideal for skin is something called chok chok — which means “plump and moist”. If you have plumper skin, the signs of aging are less noticeable. When the dermis is thicker, cells are more densely packed together, resulting in less noticeable fine lines and wrinkles.


Top 6 Anti-Ageing Procedures for Younger, Youthful Looking Skin

1. Botulinum Toxin

Botulinum toxins, when injected into our expression muscles can help to soften our expression and prevent the formation of expression lines. When injected into the skin, botulinum toxins can help to relax the erector pili, the fine muscles in the skin that control pore size, resulting in skin that looks more smooth and refined. Find out more about botulinum toxin injections here.

2. Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers are typically made from hyaluronic acid gels. Dermal fillers can help to fill in wrinkles and lines, restore lost volume, and contour the face for a more youthful and radiant appearance. Fillers can also be used to correct eye bags and dark circles. For people who want to improve their looks without going under the knife, dermal filler injection is a great alternative. It is less invasive, safer, and less expensive. You can find more helpful materials regarding filler injections here.

3. Ultherapy

High energy based devices should also form a part of an anti-ageing regimen on a yearly to bi-yearly basis. Devices like Ultherapy have a very strong capacity to stimulate new collagen formation in the skin. Ultherapy is a non-invasive cosmetic procedure that uses focused ultrasound technology to lift and tighten sagging skin, particularly on the face and neck. It is becoming increasingly popular as an anti-aging treatment due to its ability to stimulate collagen production and improve skin elasticity. Not only does Ultherapy helps to stimulate collagen in the dermis, it can also help to tighten pores, and reduce fine lines.

4. Skin Boosters

Skin boosters can help to hydrate the skin, tighten the appearance of pores, and reduce the appearance of fine lines. There are several different types of skin boosters available, each with their own unique benefits. For example, skin booster injectables such as polynucleotide injections (e.g. PDRN Healer injections) can help to strengthen and repair our skin, while hyaluronic acid injectables (e.g. Filmed NCTF 135HA) can help rejuvenate our skin by replenishing collagen and hyaluronic acid levels. Find out more about skin booster options here.

5. Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing
Lasers work to rejuvenate our skin by stimulating collagen production in the dermis. In the market today, there are numerous lasers, each providing a different effect. The important factor here is to stimulate collagen production in the skin. Fractional ablative lasers that do well in this respect are the fractional CO2 lasers. Fractional non-ablative lasers like the fractional (MLA/DLA) Pico laser are also helpful in collagen stimulation within the dermis. These collagen-building lasers can help your skin fight against signs of ageing such as fine wrinkles, enlarging pores and laxity.

6. Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are a procedure that involves applying a chemical solution (acid of choice) to the skin, which causes the superficial layer of skin to peel. Chemical peels exfoliate the devitalised surface of our skin and stimulate collageneogenesis in the dermis. Mild exfoliative acid peels work by peeling the outer most layer of our skin. This process induces our skin to produce new epidermal cells, resulting in radiance and textural improvements. Medium depth peels, on the other hand, work by causing controlled damage to deeper skin cells in the dermis to stimulate repair and collagen remodelling to achieve resurfacing and overall renewal of skin.


Are there non-procedure options for anti-ageing?

Need some help finding great sunscreens/sunblocks? Click here to access our sun protection options!

Yes! One of the most important non-procedure anti-ageing steps you can take to prevent premature aging of the skin is the use of sun protection! Exposure to UV radiation from the sun can damage the skin’s elastin fibers and collagen, leading to wrinkles, fine lines, and age spots. UV radiation can also increase the risk of skin cancer. If you need help choosing a sunscreen, you can find some great sun protection options here.

Oral supplements that contain antioxidants such as L-cysteine, Glutathione, or Co-Q10 enzymes can be helpful in our skin’s defences against oxidative free radicals that accelerate photo ageing. These supplements again help suppress excess pigments from forming due to sun damage.

Those are the top 6 anti-ageing procedures you can choose from, each with its own unique benefits and considerations too. Whether you choose to use injectables, skin boosters, ultherapy, fractional laser, chemical peels, or a combination of methods, it is important to choose a qualified and experienced provider to ensure the best possible outcome. Additionally, taking measures to protect your skin from the sun is an important part of any anti-aging regiment, and can help to prevent premature aging of the skin. Ultimately, the most effective approach to anti-aging is a comprehensive one that includes a healthy diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle habits that support overall health and wellbeing.

This is a PSA! There are actually non-surgical face lifting treatments in the market! One of the common signs of premature ageing or ageing in general is saggy skin. Saggy skin usually manifests in the formation of eye bags, deepening of laugh lies, and the emergence of marionette lines and jowls. Until recent times, the go-to treatment to reverse these signs of ageing was to undergo a surgical face lift.

While surgical face lifts can help you to achieve long lasting results, it also comes with risks. These risks include prolonged period of recovery, risks of infections, and botched surgery. With the advancement of technology, there are now non-surgical face lifting treatments that the public can now turn to to reverse signs of ageing. These needle, and knife-free treatments have also been gaining steam and popularity. They work in a more “natural” way to achieve natural results.

So, what are the alternatives to a surgical face lift, you may ask.

There are many non-surgical face lifting treatments you can get when it comes to anti-ageing and lifting of the face. What we are about to introduce are the least intrusive options among skin-tightening treatments. What this means is that patients will generally not receive any incisions or have raw and punctured skin after these procedures. Temporary redness and swelling can be expected after these treatments, but will typically be resolved on its own. Unlike surgery, results from these treatments appear gradually over a couple of months. It is also important that you find yourself an accredited doctor to perform these procedures to ensure little to no risks and side effects. Now, what are these treatments really?

1. Ultrasound Lifting

Ultrasound-based technology helps to lift the cheeks and improve jawline definition. This treatment works by focusing ultrasound energy onto the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system (SMAS) – which is the collagen rich fascia-muscle layer that is often manipulated in cosmetic surgeries. The ultrasound energy causes controlled contraction of the protein in this layer and stimulates new collagen growth over time. Skin is then toned and strengthen from within, resulting in a lifted face. Some treatment options we offer are Ultrasound Therapy and Focused Ultrasound Body Sculpting.

Is it uncomfortable?

Honestly, it can be for some people, though the discomfort is usually described to be tolerable especially with the use of topical numbing cream and oral painkillers. What you can expect are tiny little hammers and small needle pricks on the skin. Some people will also experience a mild, slight achy feeling after their treatment.

What are the results like?

A glow is usually noticed right after the treatment. Over the subsequent few weeks post treatment, the jawline will also start to be more defined, and the brows and cheeks will also be more lifted. The full results of your treatment should be seen after 6 months.

How many treatments are needed?

People tend to see a modest lifting and tightening of the skin that occur progressively over a period of 2 to 6 months. Top-ups may be required every 3-6 months until the desired effects are achieved.

2. Non-Invasive Radiofrequency Therapy

Rediofrequency treatments are used to tighten skin that have become loose and saggy. They can also be used to reduce superficial fat and improve the appearance of cellulite. Non-invasive rediorequency devices uses radiofrequency technology to heat the deeper, collagen-rich layers of the skin. The heat causes the collagen in the skin to contract, resulting in new collagen growth. The treatment involves applying the radiofrequency device directly against the skin to deliver the energy into the targeted site. Click here to explore some of our non-invasive radiofrequency treatments.

Is it uncomfortable?

Some discomfort is to be expected during radiofrequency treatments. When the device is being applied to the skin, and upon energy delivery, you will first experience a cooling sensation, before experiencing a heating sensation. Mild swelling and redness can occur post treatment. But they are usually short-lived, and people are able to return to their regular commute immediately after treatment.

What are the results like?

Over a period of approximately 6 months, the site that has been treated will start to become tighter, smoother, and more contoured. The treated area will appear to be younger and more lifted.

How many treatments are needed?

The number of treatments required will vary depending on the system that is being used. Improvements may be experienced with just one session if a medical grade system is being used. Non-medical grade systems may require 8-10 sessions before optimal results are achieved.

3. Skin Tightening Lasers

Skin tightening lasers use laser energy to give off a gentle heat that stimulates collagen contraction, resulting in skin that is tighter and lifted. With the combination of varies wavelengths, laser treatments can also improve the appearance of the skin by reducing fine lines while improving pigmentary issues. These lasers can be used to tighten any part of the body. Explore some of our laser treatment options here.

Is it uncomfortable?

A mild, warm, pinching sensation can be expected during the treatment. The skin may also turn red after the laser treatment. Most people are able to tolerate the treatment without any numbing agent.

What are the results like?

The treated area will become tighter, and more lifted. The skin may also start to show lesser fine lines and wrinkles. Skin tone may also start to appear more even. Results are gradual, and will occur about 2-6 months post treatment.

How many treatments are needed?

3-5 treatments are the usual recommended number of treatments to achieve optimal results. Results are gradual, and will occur about 2-6 months post treatment.

In Conclusion

Non-surgical face lifting treatments are less intrusive, carry lesser risks, and have lesser downtime as compared to surgical face lifts. The best approach as to which treatment is the most suitable for you will depend on the condition of your skin, and what your desired outcome is. It is best to discuss this with your doctor or healthcare provider.

Misinformation on social media has become a pervasive problem in this day and age. Social media has become extremely popular nowadays, with approximately 4.2 billion active social media users worldwide (as of January 2021). Social media has transformed the way we communicate and how easily accessible information has become. However, the power of social media also comes with significant challenges and risks where it comes to discerning accurate information. Misinformation and fake news can spread quickly on social media, and potentially causing harm to individuals who did not do the right research. In this article, we will be discussing how to navigate information on social media in order to harbour its full potential. We will also be discussing some strategies to help you differentiate accurate and misleading content online.

Risks of Misinformation About Skincare and Skin Treatments on Social Media

How many times have you heard someone saying that toothpaste is great at treating acne? One too many times, right! If you know how using toothpaste on the skin can potentially cause a chemical burn, you probably would not turn to this method as an acne treatment. But someone who does not know this risk can end up with a nasty burn that can very likely even be more troublesome to treat! If using toothpaste on the skin is considered to be a “small issue”, imagine what other crazier things people are resorting to because they do not have accurate information?

Misinformation about skincare and skin treatments on social media can have a significant impact on people, especially when it comes to their physical health and self-esteem. Misinformation can lead to unrealistic expectations and harmful practices. It can also harm an individual’s self-esteem and the reputation of legitimate professionals.

Doing Our Due Diligence in Research on Social Media

It is extremely important that we do our due diligence when it comes to research on social media. Social media has blessed us with a vast amount of information with just a simple search. But with great power comes great responsibility! It is critical to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information we consume and share.

Here are some ways that we can protect ourselves from misinformation and prejudice:

1. Verify the Source

Verifying that the source of where this information is coming from is reputable, legitimate, and trustworthy is extremely helpful. Look for sources that have a history and reputation of providing accurate and credible information.

2. Fact-Check

Fact-check any information you find on social media to ensure that it is, in fact (no pun intended), accurate. Use reliable sources to confirm the information. Research papers and studies are examples of sources that can be very helpful.

3. Look for Multiple Sources

Double, triple, quadruple check your information against multiple sources. Often or not, people develop a bias. Checking information against multiple sources will help to make sure that your information is not biased.

4. Evaluate the Context

Evaluate the context in which the information is being presented. Consider what is the motivation, potential biases, and overall message that the source is trying to convey.

5. Consider the Timing

Consider the timing of when the information is being published. Is this information current or outdated? Are there new studies out there to back up or debunking this information? Outdated information may no longer be relevant or accurate, so be sure to check!

6. Use Critical Thinking

This may seem really obvious for some, but it might not be for everyone. Use your common sense! Use your critical thinking skills to evaluate the information. Does this make sense? Are there evidence to support this?

7. Consult an Expert

If you are still confused, or if all else fails, consult a professional. Experts get their opinion and insights on studies and research papers. This is will be very helpful in helping you to understand your question(s) at hand.

In Conclusion

Social media is a powerful tool that has the potential to provide us with crazy amounts of information. But social media can also be a breeding ground for misinformation. Let us be critical with the information that is being fed to us on social media by conducting due diligence when research online. This involves verifying sources, fact-checking, looking for multiple sources, evaluating the context, considering timing, using critical thinking, and getting an expert’s opinion. If you need help finding guidance, you can click here for the opinion of skincare experts, and here for a doctor’s opinion. Happy researching!

Why you need to wear your sunscreen NOW? Because the sun can be harmful to your health! If it is not for vanity’s sake, it’s for health’s sake. Wearing sunscreen is crucial in maintaining your skin’s health. Sun protection is one of the most important things that you can do for your health, and yet something so simple can often be overlooked or disregarded by many. You may be asking, what exactly is so important about sun protection? To understand the importance of sun protection, we will first have to explore what exactly we are protecting ourselves from.

Why is Sun Protection So Important?

The sun has plenty to offer. It gives us warmth from its infrared light, it allows us to actually see things because of its visible light, and it helps with the Vitamin D synthesis that our body naturally makes. So why is it important to wear sunscreen? Because scientifically, ultraviolet light (UV) has been proven to be a human carcinogen. To put it simply, UV rays contributes to the risk of developing skin cancer. Overtime, exposure to UV rays causes sun damage, and sun damage can take an aesthetic and medical toll on the skin.

What Exactly Does UV Rays Do?

There are mainly two types of UV rays, UVA and UVB.

1. UVA penetrates deeper into the skin and causes ageing. It breaks down the skin’s collagen and tissue, causing the formation of fine lines, wrinkles, and certain types of skin cancers.

2. UVB hits your skin most superficially level and contributes to burning. With UVB, because of the burning, can cause issues like skin cancer or pre-cancers.

UV rays are notorious for causing pre-mature ageing as well as worsening of existing skin conditions. From pigmentation, to laxity, to acne. You name it, the sun worsens it. If you are wondering why your acne or rosacea to flare up after sun exposure, now you know!

If you are not applying sun protection for vanity’s sake, at least do it for your health’s sake!

“It can’t be that bad, right…?” It Most Definitely CAN.

An article published in 2012 by the New England Journal of Medicine speaks about the importance of sun protection. Bill McElligott, a 69 year old truck driver is a man with “two faces”. McElligott drove an unairconditioned milk delivery truck between stores and gas stations for 28 years. It wasn’t until his grandchildren started asking why part of his face was creased and filled with bumps and broken veins did he visit a dermatologist. Dr. Jennifer R.S. Gordon, who had treated McElligott, discovered that he had a dramatic case of unilateral dermatoheliosis. What that basically means is that one side of his face was ravaged by the sun, while the other side was not. As for McElligott, he now uses sunscreen whenever he goes out!

What is an SPF and How Does it Protect Us From the Sun?

SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor. And what that means is the amount of time your skin will need to burn when using that sunscreen. So for example if it takes 10 minutes for me to burn in the sun without sunscreen, if I use an SPF of 15, it is going to take me (15 [SPF] x 10 [minutes]) 150 minutes to reach that same level and burn. So you might think, “Great, SPF 15 is all I need!” False! SPF 15 only protects you from about 94% of UVB rays, whereas SPF 30 goes up to 97%, and SPF 50 goes up to 98% protection. So even though it might seem like a small jump, it’s actually protecting you a whole lot more. Human error is also a factor where it comes to sun protection. Many people don’t actually use the recommended amount of sun protection (1/4 to 1/3 teaspoon) in order for it to give its stated protection. So as a rule of thumb, get a sunblock that has an SPF of 30 to 50 is your safest bet.

The sun is wonderful, let’s not discredit the amazing things the sun has given to us. But we can enjoy all the goodness from the sun while being protected from its harmful UV rays. Lucky for you, it is never too late to start practising sun-safe habits. By wearing sun protection religiously, you can help to protect yourself from the harmful effects of UV. It is especially important to wear sunscreen during the most intense UV hours (usually between 10am to 4pm). If you need some product recommendations for sun protection, we’ve got you covered! If you need some treatments to treat sun damaged skin, come down for a consultation with our therapists or doctors today. They are more than happy to help you in your journey to achieving that glow that matters!

Experiencing pockets of excess fat that are resistant to diet and exercise? Looking to for effective ways to achieve a toned and sculpted body? In the past, liposuction used to be the only solution. Pretty invasive, pretty scary, huh? But now with our technological advancements, we now have non-invasive options like fat freeze and radiofrequency treatments! The question now is, fat freeze vs radiofrequency: which is better?

How Do Fat Freeze and Radiofrequency Treatments Work?

Fat cells do not contain much water, which is why they are sensitive to treatments that involving heating or freezing. Fat freeze and radiofrequency (RF) treatments, though polar opposites, are actually more similar than you think! They both are both designed to eliminated unwanted fat. They are also non-invasive, low-risk treatments with minimal to no downtime. What sets them apart is the mechanisms used to achieve their results. Fat Freeze (Cryolipolysis) Fat freeze, a.k.a cryolipolysis, works by freezing and destroying fat cells in the treated area. The cold temperatures cause the fat cells to crystallise and die. The body then naturally eliminates these dead cells over a period of time. This process results in a noticeable reduction of fat in the treated area.

Radiofrequency (RF) Fat Removal

RF fat removal, on the other hand, utilises heat energy to destroy fat cells. The RF energy breaks down the fat cells by penetrating the skin and heats up the underlying fat cells. The body then eliminates the destroyed cells through its natural processes. The additional benefit of RF fat removal is that it can actually promote collagen production in the treated site. This helps the skin to also become firmer and tighter.

Fat Freeze vs Radiofrequency: Which is Better?

Fat freeze vs radiofrequency: which is better?! We know you want a straight answer, but it really is not that simple! Each treatment has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. And how these treatments work for you is highly dependant on the ideal results you are trying to achieve. Fat freeze treats pocket of fats well, but it can be less effective in reducing fat uniformly. RF, however, does a great job at treating a large area. To put it simply, fat freeze is great at “spot treating”, while RF is better at treating a larger area. With RF, it takes about 4-8 sessions to see optimal results. Fat freeze, on the other hand, only requires 2-3 treatments (per area) for optimal results to be observed. A good overview of the pros and cons of fat freeze vs RF fat removal treatments is:
Fat Freeze (Cryolipolysis) Radiofrequency
Pros Good for treating stubborn fat pockets Results in 1-3 sessions (per area)Able to treat deeper fat 15-25% fat reduction in treated area Good for treating uniform fat Comfortable Short sessions (20-30 mins per treatment) Skin tightening and lifting effects
Cons Long sessions (1 hour per treatment) Discomfort and soreness may set in after 1-2 days Numerous sessions required for optimal resultsSome machines can get very hot

Does Combining Both Treatments Give Better Results?

Yes! Patients who combine fat freeze and RF fat removal actually see better results. The combination of fat freeze and RF fat removal is extremely effective at treating fat throughout the treated area. This is because fat freeze is great at treating fat pockets which are mostly deeper under the skin, while RF is better at targeting fat on the superficial layer. RF also helps to tighten and lift the skin. This is especially helpful for individuals who experience volume loss after fat reduction. BUT! These treatments should not be done in conjunction with one another on the same day.

What You Should Know Before Getting Fat Freeze or RF Fat Removal Done

We have said this before, and will say it again! Do not be lead on by an offer that is too good to be true! Not all Cryo or RF machines are created equal. It is good to check what are the available machines at your practitioner’s clinic. Not all machines are FDA approved, and there are plenty of copy-cat machines out there. Do your due diligence in order to lower your risk of horrible side effects or a botched treatment. Although both treatments are non-invasive, low-risk, and have minimal to no downtime, mild redness and swelling can be expected after treatment. It is also important to note that there can be risks with these treatments. It is possible for odd cases of skin burns to happen. This is why it is advisable to visit an experienced practitioner or a doctor if you are considering to get fat freeze or RF fat removal done. Confidence is from the inside out. And we don’t just mean “inner beauty”. What you put in your body, how often you exercise, and your lifestyle choices will make you look and feel healthy. Though the long-term results of fat freeze and RF can be significant, these treatments are not a substitute for a healthy diet and exercise routine. All the best in your journey towards your body goals, we are rooting for you!

Our skin texture is easily influenced by many factors. Hormonal acne, acne, sun damage, and scars in general can impact our skin massively. How do we improve these issues to achieve smooth, flawless baby skin like the Koreans? Read on to find our what are the 5 skincare hacks to improve your skin texture.


We can’t emphasise this enough! SPF is your best friend!! When it comes anything, anything skin at all, SPF is the single most important skincare product that you can do for your skin. UV rays damages the skin. They can penetrate deep into the skin and cause premature ageing, and ageing in general. They can cause and worsen the look of fine lines, wrinkles, saggy skin, pigmentation, and textural scars! By applying our SPF religiously, we can help to prevent damage to our collagen, which is so important in maintaining the efficacy of our skin and its barrier. This helps to ensure that our skin stays even in tonality and texture, and also helps to maintain the suppleness and brightness of our skin. Click here for some great sun protection options.

Exfoliate (Weekly or As Required)

Exfoliation is an essential step when it comes to addressing issues such as uneven skin tone and skin texture. Exfoliating helps to remove dead skin cells from the superficial layer of the skin. This results in a smoother, brighter, and more radiant looking skin. Exfoliating can help to prevent clogged pores, promote cell turnover, and improve skin texture. It is important to not over exfoliate. Over exfoliation can lead to skin irritation, damage, and worsening of your current skin conditions. It is best to only exfoliate once or twice a week for optimal results.

Try Chemical Peels

Chemical peels, although as scary as it sounds, isn’t really that scary at all! Chemical peels work by removing the outermost layer of dead skin cells, which can help to improve the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, sun damage, and scars. The strength and depth of the peel required can vary depending on your skin type. A medium depth peel can be used to treat more severe textural issues. Using a peel that is far too harsh or strong for your skin can result in chemical burns. We know you wouldn’t want that! Which is why we recommend that you consult with a professional or a doctor as to which peels are right for you.

Introduce Vitamin A and Vitamin C into your Skincare Routine

Vitamin A and vitamin C are two vitamins that can work wonders for your skin.

Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant that helps to stimulate collagen production, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and improve skin tone and texture. Retinol is a derivative of vitamin A, that is commonly found in skincare products. Retinols help with cell turnover, acne, acne scars, skin texture, and skin tone. If you are looking to introduce vitamin A into your skincare routine, look out for “Retinyl Palmitate”, “Retinaldehyde”, and “Retinol” in the ingredient list. Other forms of retinols include “Adapalene”, which can be bought over-the-counter, and “Tretinoin” which can only be acquired through prescription. Both of which are excellent at treating acne.

Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that helps to protect the skin from free radicals and sun damage. Vitamin C is mainly known to help with uneven skin tone because of its ability to inhibit the production of melanin. It can also help to stimulate collagen production, which can result in the reduction of fine lines, wrinkles, and skin elasticity. Vitamin C is un unstable molecule, and can break down easily when exposed to light, air, and water. This is why it is best to use vitamin C products in conjunction with vitamin E. Vitamin E helps to stabilise vitamin C and enhance its effectiveness. Look out for skincare that has both vitamin C and vitamin E in it to reap the best benefits of your serums and moisturisers!

Picking the Right Moisturiser

Acne can lead to textural scars, this is why picking the right moisturiser if you have acne-prone skin is so important. Excess sebum production is a common factor in the development of acne, especially for people with oily and/or acne-prone skin. Sebum is an oily substance that is produced by our own skin to keep the skin moisturised. However, when it is being overproduced and mixed with dead skin cells and bacteria, it can lead to the formation of acne. To prevent acne, it is important to keep the skin clean and well-moisturised with a moisturiser that is not to heavy for the skin.

Moisturisers that have AHAs/BHAs in them can also be helpful when addressing textural issues as they help to remove dead skin cells and promote cell turnover. Moisturisers with niacinamide (a form of vitamin B3) are also especially helpful in addressing textural issues.

Those were our 5 skincare hacks to improve skin texture

If your skin has deeper textural issues, it is best if you seek help or consult with a professional or a doctor. They will be able to determine which treatment(s) would be better suited for your skin. Simple treatments such as going on topical creams or even an LED light treatment might be helpful in controlling your acne. Treatments such as lasers, injectables, and energy-based devices might be more helpful in addressing more severe textural concerns. We wish you the best of luck with on your journey to smoother skin!